It happens from time to time that someone asks me to help them in their job search, or ask me if I know anyone who has openings, or just gives me their resume. I tend to give the same advice so I thought I would write it down. As usual this is one person’s idiosyncratic opinion, not scientifically proven nor guaranteed to be the best way to go.
- I guess that on average, a resume that is looked at by a human is looked at for about 10 seconds. And most of them are not even looked at by a human. Your resume’s job is to pique the interest of the person enough so that they read it and decide they might want to meet you.
- You should structure your resume to catch the person’s eye. Starting at the top of the page, what do you think is the most important thing about you that they should know.
- For people beginning their career forcing yourself to one page is a good idea. It makes you focus. You’re justifiably proud that you started the philanthropy club in high school or that your GPA was 3.782. But probably those are not the things that will get you the job.
- Include at the top: your full name, email address, mobile phone, github or other portfolio URL if you have one. No need for permanent mailing address.
- What is your competitive advantage? In other words, compared to someone who is your age and background, similar major, graduation date, etc, what is special about you?
- Make sure that you can talk intelligently about every programing language, framework, product name, operating system, algorithm, concept that you mention. Expect the interviewer to zoom into that one thing that you are bluffing about: “You worked with a zero-knowledge reverse binary proof? How interesting, tell me more?”
- Remember that you want to communicate how you will contribute to the organization, benefit the team, make money for the company. It doesn’t matter to the reader that this job will help you grow or learn or do what you always wanted to do. What’s in it for them?
- You will most likely be submitting your resume electronically. Unless otherwise specified use a pdf format. You can’t assume that the recipient has the same word processing tool that you do or is even on the same kind of computer. Everyone can read and print a pdf.
- Treat your job hunt as a research project. It will take work and organization. Simply googling or playing with LinkedIn or Indeed might work but it’s a low percentage game.
- The worst place to send your resume is to email@example.com. In other words their default resume portal. You get sent to the very bottom of the heap.
- You need to use your network to find some relationship or connection to the target company. Wait, you say you don’t have a network? Wrong! Your just thinking about it in the wrong way!
Networking with people is the lifeblood of your professional life and your job hunt.
- Join LinkedIn immediately if you haven’t yet. And request a link to everyone professional that you know who are even peripherally in your field. Professors, Managers, CEOs, bosses, speakers.
- In any professional situation (or often even in social situations) be bold when you encounter someone who is further along in their career than you, someone who you kind of admire or look up to. Go up to them and introduce yourself and trade emails or Linkedin.
Hierarchy of targets
You need to focus your search a little. If you are sending out 10 resumes an hour, your doing it wrong. Try to think about what kind of place or what specific place you would like to work. Large company or small? East or West Coast or don’t you care? Consumer or Enterprise? Etc. Then use google and LinkedIn to create a prioritized list of companies that fit the bill. Work through the list and send in your applications. Here are the different ways to do this, from least effective to most effective.
- (lowest) firstname.lastname@example.org. This is where all the losers send their resumes. Imagine that scene at the end of the original raiders of the lost ark. That’s where your resume will be stored.
- Use LinkedIn to discover people who are in your cohort (alumni of your college, people who you worked with in the past, family members) who work at your target company. You can expect that even someone you don’t know at all will be willing to help out someone from their extended “tribe”. You would to, wouldn’t you?
- A so-called “warm intro” from someone who knows you and also knows the hiring manager. A warm intro is an email that introduces you to the other person and says how great you are, basically vouches for you.
- (highest) You have met or emailed with the actual hiring manager. That person knows you and feels you may be right for the job. This perfect alignment of the stars rarely happens.